American Issues Policy Group
December 10, 2019
Since the day Donald Trump announced his candidacy for President, there have been accusations, allegations and assertions of wrongdoing against him and those associated with him. The accusations, allegations and assertions started from the far left wing of the Democrat party and continue to this day, with even more moderate Democrats now joining in. Yet, a careful examination of the facts lead inevitably to the conclusion that the accusations, allegations and assertions are “Trumped up” and without basis. In this paper we examine several of the major charges made by Democrats against the President and his Supreme Court appointee, Brett Kavanaugh, to evaluate their validity.
“The Gang That Couldn’t Shoot Straight”
Larry C. Johnson, former CIA analyst, revealed that John Brennan launched a secret task force in 2016, called “Trump Task Force.” That newly formed group had the approval of James Clapper, Obama’s Director of National Intelligence, for the express purpose of spying on and taking covert action against the campaign of presidential candidate Donald Trump. It was an invitation only task force. The task force was comprised of personnel from the CIA, FBI and the Office of Director of National Intelligence.
The alleged first Whistleblower, Eric Ciaramella, appeared to be part of this task force as he was assigned by John Brennan to the White House, and as an Obama holdover, to spy on President Trump. There is speculation that Ciaramella is the author of the anonymous Washington Post article declaring an internal resistance operating in the White House. There is additional speculation that he is the author of the new book, Anonymous, which is supposed to be an expose of the Trump White House. If all of this is true, should we suspect fake information?
“Brennan reportedly took it upon himself to recruit foreign intelligence organizations, such as MI-6, the Aussies, the Italians and the Israelis, to help in spying on Trump and his campaign. He sold it as a ‘counter-intelligence’ mission citing his fear that Trump was a Russian puppet. These foreign services agreed to help Brennan. But they did more than passive intelligence collection. They helped create and implement covert actions, such as entrapping Michael Flynn as a foreign agent and cultivating and ensnaring George Papadopoulos.”
Apparently, CIA Director Gina Haspel is now cooperating with the Department of Justice investigation. She was the CIA Chief of Station in London when the Brennan “Trump Task Force” was up and running but she was kept out of the loop. The history between Haspel and Brennan is not friendly. Brennan blocked her from getting a top assignment in the old Directorate of Operations. Apparently, there is no love lost between them.
“The game changer is that the elevation of this matter as a criminal investigation, along with Attorney General Bill Barr’s full authority to access and review all classified information, means that any attempt to cover this up will lead to obstruction of justice charges. This is one of the main reasons CIA personnel are lawyering up.”
Russian Collusion?—Just a Bunch of Borsch!
For nearly the entirety of Donald Trump’s presidency, the Democrats have accused him of colluding with the Russians to defeat Hillary Clinton. Democrat Representative Adam Schiff regularly told America that he personally had indisputable evidence of Trump’s guilt. Similarly, Democrat Eric Swalwell claimed knowledge of Trump’s violations. Yet, when all was said and done, the Mueller report found no evidence of Russian collusion. Neither Schiff nor Swalwell presented the evidence they had claimed to have had.
As the facts behind the Russian collusion charges have become known, it is becoming clear that the entire matter arose from the possibly illegal actions of Hillary Clinton’s campaign, the upper echelons of the Justice Department and the FBI, with the Democrats publicly making unsubstantiated accusations, allegations and assertions. Even after the Mueller report found no collusion, Democrats continue to include the accusations, allegations and assertions in their talking points.
The primary government antagonist behind the Russia hoax appears to be John Brennan, who is alleged to have cooperated with James Comey, James Clapper, Barack Obama and Susan Rice to plant officials in the Trump campaign and White House and to frame President Trump with the Russia hoax.
An interviewer recently asked Clapper about John Durham’s investigation into whether the Obama administration led efforts to undermine Trump in the last election. Clapper replied, “It’s kind of disconcerting now to be investigated for, you know, having done our duty and done what we were told to do by the president.” It is now clear President Obama knew and actively participated in an operation against presidential Candidate Trump.
The Weakness of Alleged Obstruction of Justice
The obstruction allegations appear to be based on three events: first, the Trump request that Comey drop the criminal investigation of Michael Flynn, who seems to have been entrapped by Andrew McCabe, second in command of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI); second, the firing of James Comey by Trump, who was simply carrying out his Article II responsibilities; and third, an inclination, born of frustration, to fire Mueller, which did not happen.
With regard to Michael Flynn, Trump did not order Comey to do anything about Flynn. Trump only asked that Comey exercise discretion in handling the Flynn case. The President did not demand that the investigation of Flynn be closed. The investigation continued and Flynn was prosecuted without interference by the President.
Regarding James Comey, he served at the pleasure of the President. As Comey himself admitted, the president could fire him for any reason or for no reason. So the question becomes, how can a President obstruct justice by exercising his Article II powers under the Constitution? The answer is the President cannot obstruct justice exercising his Constitutional powers under Article II.
Concerning Mueller, how can a President obstruct justice by thinking of firing Mueller. The thought became an unconsummated act; it never happened.
Deep-State Democrats were behind the Russia Hoax and when that fell apart they were seen clinging to Part II of the Mueller report with alleged obstruction accusations. This is what they planned to use as a basis for impeachment. When obstruction allegations fell apart, they decided to use the Ukraine situation (more on this later).
The Kavanaugh Debacle Just Won’t Die.
The confirmation hearing for Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh became a partisan debacle even before the sudden appearance of a sex abuse charge from a high school class mate, Professor Ford. In addition to the fact that the accuser could not identify the place or the date of the supposed event, that people she identified as witnesses said they had no knowledge or recollection of such an event. Proof later emerged that the accuser lied about other matters. Democrats took the position that Kavanaugh is guilty until proven innocent. Now, after Kavanaugh has been on the Court over a year, the Democrats believe Kavanaugh is still guilty until proven innocent, which is antithetical to the American system of justice.
An unreleased book “The Education of Brett Kavanaugh: An Investigation” described several additional sexual assault allegations against Kavanaugh, including a previously unreported claim that the FBI did not investigate, during the judge’s contentious confirmation process. The New York Times, after reviewing the book, broke this story and calls for impeachment began to blast forth from the congressional Democrats. This merely confirmed that the earlier accuser had been truthful, they argued. Kavanaugh should be impeached, as unfit for office. When it became known that the “new” victim had no recollection of the event and had not been interviewed by the authors, the Times apologized.
Surprisingly the left-leaning New York Times has said they can’t find anyone to support Professor Ford’s claims. Another woman who claims Kavanaugh exposed himself to her says she has a foggy memory of what happened that night and doesn’t even know if it was Kavanaugh who exposed himself to her. All her friends denied that it happened when she tried to call them to see if he did or not, since she couldn’t remember herself. Her best girlfriend from college at Yale where Kavanaugh went said they shared everything and if Kavanaugh did that to her she would have told her but she never mentioned it. Still the Democrats just kept up with the accusations in their talking points.
Deep-State Democrats were petrified of a five-four conservative majority on the Supreme Court. They were willing to do anything to stop Kavanaugh. Christine Blasey Ford lied to Congress and was paid a million dollars through a “go fund me” page. Every witness she named denied her story. There was no corroboration of her testimony, yet Deep-State Democrats denied Kavaugh due process and claimed he was unfit to serve notwithstanding five background checks by the FBI over the years. When it comes to a Republican the left is relentless in their smears, besmirching and lies to destroy their opponent pronouncing them guilty without any proof. This is the real profile of Democrat policies.
The President is a Racist…Oh Really?
President Trump rarely uses racial categories in his speech or his tweets. Rather, it is Democrats and the liberal media “who routinely characterize individuals and groups by race and issue race-based denunciations of large parts of the American polity.” Trump’s flaws are many, but using race as a wedge issue is hardly exclusive to him or Republicans. Democrats have created divisions over race for decades, casually calling Republicans “racists” and deliberately generating as much fear and loathing as possible among minority constituents toward the GOP.
“The danger of making “racist” such an offhand accusation is that it ends up alienating millions of Americans who support Trump and are constantly lectured that they are racist for doing so. They don’t buy it, because they know their own hearts. It is true that most white people — in rural regions in particular — spend little time reflecting on racial inequality or social injustice. It doesn’t mean they don’t care; it means such concerns are simply not part of their daily existence. Likewise, it is safe to say that most minorities lose little sleep worrying about hog futures, or whether the Midwest’s Corn Belt will get enough rain, or whether a factory will reopen in West Virginia to restore local jobs.”
Despite leading an economy that has the lowest unemployment rate for minorities in recorded history, Trump is called a racist. Despite signing the First Step Act into law, which gives non-violent offenders the chance to re-enter society as productive law abiding citizens, Trump is a racist. On the contrary, President Trump is actually improving race relations, as his record of black enablement, as seen in rising employment, home ownership, and small business formation, reflected in rising black support in the polls, and the Deep-State Democrats are panicking.
Donald Trump is Anti-Semitic? What About His Jewish Daughter?
“Linking Trump to anti-Semiticism is factually incorrect and morally wrong. You never heard it before he ran for office. He has a history of giving generously to Jewish charities, including the Anti-Defamation League, and he received the Jewish National Fund’s ‘Tree of Life’ award.” Further, Trump’s son-in-law, his daughter, and his grandchildren are Jewish.
Once again, Deep-State Democrats are falsely attacking Trump. Why? It is because Deep-State Democrats’ platform rests on the three legs of Globalism, Communism, and anti-White/anti-Semitic bigotry. Trump represents nationalism and patriotism. Deep-State Democrats’ Globalism platform rejects the concept of “nation,” preferring open borders and one world government. The very idea that the United States and Israel have walls on their border is anathema to Deep-State Democrats.
The President Bullied Ukraine…Oh, Wait! That was Biden!
Since the Russia Hoax failed, alleged obstruction of justice failed, false charges against Justice Kavanaugh failed, the so-called race card failed, and accusations of anti-Semiticism failed, the Deep-State Democrats have turned to a telephone call between President Trump and Ukraine President Zelensky. But let’s start at the beginning.
On May 4, 2018, Senators Dick Durbin, Robert Menendez and Patrick Leahy, all Deep-State Democrats, wrote a letter to General Prosecutor Yurly Lutsenko of the Office of Prosecutor General in Ukraine, demanding compliance with the Mueller probe: “We are writing to express great concern about reports that your office has taken steps to impede cooperation with the investigation of United States Special Counsel Robert Mueller.”
In 2016, Vice President Joe Biden extorted Ukrainian President Petro Porshenko into firing the country’s top prosecutor by threatening to withhold $1 billion in loan guarantees, essentially a bribe: a glaring quid pro quo. The prosecutor was investigating Biden’s son, Hunter, and his employer, Burisma Holdings. In 2018, Biden was filmed boasting about his extortion of the Ukraine President.
Notwithstanding the bullying and extortion committed by the Deep-State Democrats, these same Deep-State Democrats are attacking President Trump because he requested of the current Ukraine President assistance in investigating Crowdstrike, the company that sanitized Hillary Clinton’s servers. Trump also asked about Joe Biden having the prosecutor fired because he was investigating his son and Burisma Holdings. Trump asked the Ukrainian president to look into it. Trump’s request was perfectly reasonable and since the request was not criminal in nature, it certainly is not impeachable.
The Deep-State Democrats are accusing Trump of bullying the Ukraine President, when, in reality, it was extortionists Joe Biden and Senators Leahy, Durbin and Menendez who did the bullying. This is just one more false allegation against the President. Whenever Deep-State Democrats accuse the Republicans of something dastardly, we find that it is a false charge and that the Deep-State Democrats are usually guilty of doing what they blame on Republicans.
So-Called Impeachment Process
“In their quest to bring about the demise of President Donald Trump, Democrats in Congress continue to trample on our Constitution and long-established legal norms, rules, and expectations. Instead of conducting the business of the American people, they further the assault on the electorate in order to rehash the 2016 election. The announcement of an impeachment inquiry is the latest installment in this derangement saga.”
“The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.” The House of Representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment, not the Speaker alone nor a political party but the whole House of Representatives. Speaker Nancy Pelosi took it upon herself to launch a sham impeachment inquiry. Then, in total violation of the Due Process Clause, the Democrats began an inquiry, which they falsely called an “impeachment inquiry,” conducted in secret without Republican participation. Members of the House Judiciary Committee usually initiate the proceeding and then make recommendations for the whole House’s consideration. For some reason, Speaker Pelosi, who assigned the inquiry to the House Intelligence Committee, has violated this protocol. Violation of this protocol excludes the Republicans and the President’s lawyers, the President’s right to Due Process and the right to confront his accusers.
“The most important impeachments were those brought against United States Associate Justice Samuel Chase in 1805, against President Andrew Johnson in 1867, and against William Jefferson Clinton in 1999. None of these three resulted in removal from office, and all three stand for the principal that impeachment should not be perceived as a device simply to remove a political opponent.” Until now, that is.
The Fake Whistle Blower Report
The Russia hoax was based on false evidence procured by Hillary Clinton and Deep-State Democrats. The attack on Justice Kavanaugh was based on the paid for lies of Christine Blasey Ford, who could not find one person to corroborate her fake narrative. When the Russia Hoax and Kavanaugh accusation failed, Deep-State Democrats resorted to the old race card. When the race card accusation failed the Deep-State Democrats resorted to blaming Trump’s anti-Semitism, except someone forgot that Trump’s daughter, son-in-law and grandchildren are Jewish. Oops! So what did the Deep-State Democrats do next? They accused the President of being a bully! Golly gee whiz! Then, Deep-State Democrats fabricated The Fake Whistleblower report. And it appears the so-called Whistleblower, Eric Ciaramella, a CIA analyst and protégé of former CIA Director John Brennan, possibly responded to Brennan’s call for whistleblowers. How convenient!
Shortly after the first so-called Deep-State Democrat whistleblower filed his complaint with the assistance of Adam Schiff’s committee (a violation of the Whistleblower statute), John Brennan called for other potential whistleblowers to join in this kabuki charade.  “A veteran CIA official slammed the ‘blatant politicization of intelligence by Trump haters’ and found the complaint very suspicious.” Fred Fleitz, a twenty-five year veteran of the CIA, State Department and House Intelligence staff, commented, “I am troubled by the complaint and wonder how an intelligence officer could file it over something a president said to a foreign leader. How could this be an intelligence matter? It appears likely to me that this so-called whistleblower was pursuing a political agenda.”
Adam Schiff, Senate Intelligence Committee Chair, knew of the Whistleblower complaint before it was filed, which makes Schiff a material witness. He needs to recuse himself from the committee. Now the question becomes, did Schiff’s staff help the Whistleblower write the complaint?
It now comes to light that a newly filed complaint to the Intelligence Community Inspector General (ICIG) that the alleged whistleblower may have violated federal law by indirectly soliciting more than $227,000 through a GoFundMe page. Remember, this is how Christine Blasey Ford was paid for her lies. This appears to be a standard method of operation (MO) for Democrats, as these “donations” are anonymous for the most part.
The Second Deep State Democrat Whistleblower
A second Deep-State Democrat whistleblower, allegedly from the intelligence community, who doesn’t think Joe Biden should be investigated for corruption came forward with alleged “first hand” knowledge of complaints against the President. The same legal team as the first whistleblower represents this so-called second whistleblower. Mark Zaid, the whistleblowers’ attorney, is a Deep-State Democrat loyalist, and anti-Trump advocate.
Lt. Col. Alexander Vindman, who may be the person who relayed information to the first whistleblower, has been identified as the second whistleblower. Colonel Vindman is a Democrat. It is alleged that Vindman was concerned that President Trump was undermining American foreign policy. But since President Trump is the author of American foreign policy, how does the President undermine himself? It is clear that Colonel Vindman had a policy dispute with the President. Based on that dispute and the fact that he could not support President Trump’s policies, Colonel Vindman should have submitted his resignation. He has dishonored his uniform.
Senator Lindsay Graham, in an interview on Sunday Morning Futures with Maria Bartiromo, said, “I don’t know but remember Kavanaugh? Remember Kavanaugh, that started with one complaint that wound up being unverifiable, a complaint against Judge Kavanaugh and a party that took place in high school 30 years ago, without any notice of where it happened and when it happened, and everybody described to be there said it didn’t happen, and five more allegations came after that. What did we learn in Kavanaugh? That they were coaching witnesses and they were piling on to try to create an impression that Judge Kavanaugh was a flawed human being. This is Kavanaugh all over again the second whistleblower if there is one, are they within the Intel community and what is it about the Intel community and Trump that is so off base here, and did Schiff do with the whistleblower the first one what they did with Kavanaugh witnesses coach them up?”
The Vanishing Whistleblowers
Not surprisingly, when President Trump released the transcript of his telephone call with the president of Ukraine, the whistleblowers virtually vanished. Chairman Schiff admitted they could not add anything to the factual record. There has been little, if any, discussion of the whistleblowers now for weeks by Adam Schiff or his committee.
There will probably be many more anonymous whistleblowers coming out just as there were multiple witnesses at Kavanaugh’s hearing that knew nothing or denied knowing anything. The end result: Blasey Ford’s testimony had zero corroboration by Deep-State Democrats who funded her GoFundMe page to the tune of a million dollars to pay her for her lies.
The Democrats Move the Goal Posts Again
As we have pointed out in this paper, when the Democrats fail in their false accusations, they move the goals posts to another issue. Accusation of Russian collusion failed miserably, as did false charges of obstruction of justice. So the Democrats created fake accusers like Blasey-Ford. Not one fake accuser’s story held up. So-called witnesses could not corroborate testimony. So the Democrats accused President Trump of being a racist. This too failed. Then it became the President is anti-Semitic. Obviously with a Jewish son-in law and daughter, and grandkids, this accusation failed too.
Then Democrats latched onto a quid pro quo based on the July 25th phone call with the new Ukrainian president. This was the basis of the so-called impeachment inquiry, which denied President Trump any due process rights. The so-called impeachment process is actually a “star-chamber.” Now the Democrats are dropping the quid pro quo angle because President Trump released the transcript of the telephone call in question showing the absence of any quid pro quo. It’s obvious the Democrat base doesn’t speak Latin.
Now the new goal post is “extortion and bribery.” Bribery is included because the word is included in the Constitution as an example of “high crimes and misdemeanors.” Democrats are claiming that President Trump is demanding that that the Ukrainian President investigate Joe Biden, Trump’s political opponent. Oops! Joe Biden is not Trump’s political opponent. He has yet to win the party’s nomination and probably won’t. And the activities Trump wanted looked into occurred in 2016 not 2020. Joe and Hunter Biden are persons of interest in an extortion and bribery scandal against the former president and attorney general of Ukraine. We have Joe Biden’s admission to criminal behavior on video.
Many of the impeachment witnesses were directly asked by Republican committee members if the could point to any crimes committed by President Trump. Not one witness could respond that they had. Many members of the National Security Council, like Lt. Col. Vindman, were offended that President Trump was interfering in U.S. foreign policy, forgetting that the President, not any of them, sets foreign policy. Further, Lt. Col. Vindman, visibly full of himself, decided to testify after being directed not to by the White House. As a result, he could face court-martial charges for insubordination and violating the chain of command.
Since the moment Donald J. Trump was elected President by the American people, the Deep-State Democrats have been attempting a continuing soft coup to overthrow the legitimate elected leader of the American people.
The Democrat Party has been taken over by what is called the Far Left or Progressives. The Far Left is actually the old Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and the Democratic Socialists of America (DSA), which was formed as a subset of the CPUSA. Their true intention is globalism or one-world government: what is often called Internationalism in Europe.The values of the socialists and communists are diametrically opposed to American values. America must not let this happen!
Deep-State Democrats want an America where all, but a small minority in control, live in poverty while they, the Deep-State Elite, live the life of luxury, much like in the former Soviet Union, Cuba, North Korea and, now, Venezuela. It’s time for the American people, regardless of their political beliefs, to awaken to the threat posed by the socialists and communists of the Deep-State Democrat Party. They intend to convert America into a totalitarian socialist country. America must not let this happen!
The Deep-State Democrat Party is nearing “full panic” mode. As the 2020 election approaches, their angst will become more severe. Expect more unfounded allegations, accusations, and outright lies to emerge against President Trump. As usual with the Deep-State Democrats, charges against president Trump will be based on so-called hearsay or outright false testimony. How do we know? . . . because that is all we have seen since Trump’s election. One thing we can be sure of, the Deep-State Democrats will produce more “Trumped up charges” made without a basis in fact.
It’s finally out in the open: Articles of Impeachment, that is. The Deep-State Democrats in the House have leveled Abuse of Power (Article 1) and Obstruction of Congress (Article 2). These are two of the flimsiest charges ever leveled against a President. What happened to “Russian Collusion?” What happened to “The President is Racist?” What happened to Trump is “Anti-Semitic?” What happened to “the President bullied Ukraine . . . Oh, Wait! That was Biden?” Where are all the whistleblowers who initiated the sham investigations?
What happened to “extortion and bribery?”
According to the Deep-State Democrats, the President is accused of abuse of power for exercising his Article II powers, which is a contradiction. The President is accused of obstruction of Congress by exercising his Executive Privilege as President and exercising his right to seek judicial review and action. If the House were to impeach for obstruction of justice, as Constitutional expert Jonathan Turley explained, the obstruction charge would be against the House, not the President. This sham impeachment is just one more attempt to implement a soft coup over three years . . . and it will fail, just as all the other Deep-State Democrat attempts have failed.
 “Larry C. Johnson: Exposing John Brennan’s Secret CIA Trump Task Force?,” https://webnewspoint.com/larry-c-johnson-exposing-john-brennans-secret-cia-trump-task-force/
 Sean Adl-Tabatabai, “Brennan Created Secret ‘Invitation –Only’ Task Force to Destroy Trump: CIA Analyst,” NewsPunch, November 5, 2019, https://newspunch.com/brennan-created-secret-invitation-only-task-force-destroy-trump-cia-analyst/
 Jim Hoft, “Larry C. Johnson: Expoosing John Brenna’s Secret CIA Trump Task Force?,” United Patriot News, October 27, 2019, https://www.unitedpatriotnews.com/politics/exposing-john-brennans-secret-cia-trump-task-force/
 Michael Quinn, “Russiagate Hoax Leader John Brennan Is in Serious Legal Trouble,” Russia Insider, May 21, 2018.
 “James Clapper Finally Admits in Audio Recording; Obama Ordered Spying on Trump,” TruthSeries, October 8, 2019, http://truthseries.net/2019/10/james-clapper-finally-admits-in-audio-recording-obama-ordered-spying-on-trump.html
 Andrew McCarthy, “Is There an Obstruction Case Against President Trump,” National Review, February 17, 2018,
 Scott Bomboy, “Can a President obstruct justice? The legal experts have a few thoughts,” Constitution Daily, December 4, 2017, https://constitutioncenter.org/blog/can-a-president-obstruct-justice-the-legal-experts-have-a-few-thoughts
 Wikipedia: A deep state (from Turkish: derin devlet), also known as a state within a state, is a form of clandestine government made up of hidden or covert networks of power operating independently of a state’s political leadership, in pursuit of their own agenda and goals. Examples include organs of state, such as the armed forces or public authorities (intelligence agencies, police, secret police, administrative agencies, and government bureaucracy). A deep state can also take the form of entrenched, career civil servants acting in a non-conspiratorial manner, to further their own interests. The intent of a deep state can include continuity of the state itself, job security for its members, enhanced power and authority, and the pursuit of ideological objectives. It can operate in opposition to the agenda of elected officials, by obstructing, resisting, and subverting their policies, conditions and directives. It can also take the form of government-owned corporations or private companies that act independently of regulatory or governmental control
 Jim Clayton, “To The Left Kavanaugh Is Guilty Simply by Accuasation,” Conservative Daily News, Semptember 25, 2018, https://www.conservativedailynews.com/2018/09/to-the-left-kavanaugh-is-guilty-simply-by-accusation/
 Heather Mac Donald, “Trump Isn’t the One Dividing Us by Race,” Wall Street Journal, August 18, 2019, https://www.wsj.com/articles/trump-isnt-the-one-dividing-us-by-race-11566158729
 Gary Abernathy, “Trump is not a racist. His voters aren’t either,” The Washington Post, August 7, 1019,
 James S. Robbins, “Synagogue shooter hated Donald Trump and showswhat real hatred, anti-Semiticism looks like,”USA Today, October 29, 2018, https://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2018/10/29/donald-trump-robert-bowers-racist-anti-semitic-synagogue-shooting-column/1800755002/
 Senators Durbin, Leahy and Menedez, Letter to Yuriy Lensenko , demanding cooperation with the Mueller investigartion and implying that Ukraine’s redusal could jeopardize diplomatic relations with the United States.
 “Trump’s phone call with Ukraine’s President: read the full memorandum,” The Guardian, September 25, 2019,
 Frank Serpe, “POV: Impeachment Inquiry Is ‘Nothing More Than a Sham,’” BU Today, September 30, 2019, https://www.bu.edu/articles/2019/pov-impeachment-inquiry-nothing-more-than-a-sham/
 United States Constitution, Article I, Section 2.
 United States Constitution, Amendment V.
 Edwin Meese III, The Heritage Guide to the Constitution, The Heritage Foundation, 2005.
 Gateway Pundit, “Breaking: Whistleblower is CIA Officer – Brennan Protégé Planted Inside White House to Spy on Trump,” Conservative Angle, https://conservativeangle.com/breaking-whistleblower-is-cia-officer-brennan-protege-planted-inside-white-house-to-spy-on-trump/
 “John Brennan calls for more whistleblowers to come forward; Sharyl Attkisson’s quick to respond,” Business & Politics, September 28, 2019, https://www.bizpacreview.com/2019/09/28/john-brennan-calls-for-more-whistleblowers-to-come-forward-sharyl-attkissons-quick-to-respond-831827
 Samantha Chang, “CIA veteran familiar with complaints says whistleblower case is beyond fishy,” Business & Politics, September 27, 2019, https://www.bizpacreview.com/2019/09/27/cia-veteran-familiar-with-complaints-says-whistleblower-case-is-beyond-fishy-831131
 “Deep State Strikes Again: Second Ukraine ‘Whistleblower’ Comes Forward with ‘Firsthand Knowledge’,” InfoWars, October 6, 2019, https://www.infowars.com/deep-state-strikes-again-second-ukraine-whistleblower-comes-forward-with-firsthand-knowledge/
 “Full transcript of testimony of Lieutenant Colonel Alexander S. Vindman, White House Ukraine Expert,” The Washington Post, November 11, 2019,pp. 154-156, https://www.washingtonpost.com/context/full-transcript-of-testimony-of-lieutenant-colonel-alexander-s-vindman-white-house-ukraine-expert/6c7d991c-1916-47a2-a320-cfbbea54eb52/